HomeownerEducational: A-M

Carpet Sales & Service

Carpet Sales & Service

Types of Carpet

Berber. Berber is a type of loop-pile carpet commonly used for stairs and high-traffic areas. Due to its sturdy loops, the carpet is very strong and resistant to marks left by traffic and vacuuming. However, dirt can get trapped between the loops, and the larger the loops, the more prone they are to snags, which are difficult to repair. Berber requires careful cleaning; before you buy a carpet, consider its texture and maintenance needs.

Frieze. Frieze (free-‘zay) carpet is a cut-pile or loop-pile carpet style with extremely twisted yarn that has been crimped in various places along each strand. Coiling the yarn in this way allows for the side of the fiber, rather than the head, to bear the brunt of the traffic. This extends the life of the carpet and helps to disguise footprints and vacuum tracks.

Plush. Plush carpet is a delicate type of cut-pile carpet. It has an exquisite and formal look, but it retains footprints and other marks. Plush carpet fibers are level-cut, meaning that the carpet’s surface appears uniform throughout the room.

Carpet Materials

Nylon. Nylon is the most common synthetic fiber used in carpets. Nylon carpets are noted as being very soft to the touch, and they come in a wide variety of colors. This fiber tends to stain easily unless it is treated with stain-resistant chemicals, but it is otherwise extremely resilient to wear.

Polypropylene. Referred to as Olefin by carpet manufacturers, carpets made from polypropylene fibers have a tendency to be less durable than carpets made from nylon or natural fibers, but they are nonetheless a good choice for specific environments. Berber carpets are often made from polypropylene.

Polyester. Because of how it is made, polyester is resistant to stains. For those wanting a green option, polyester carpets, specifically polyethylene terephthalate (PET), are made of recycled plastics from bottles and tires. Polyester carpets are popular mid- to low-priced options, and they work in most areas of the home.

Wool. The most commonly used natural fiber in carpet production, wool has a low flame spread rate and is naturally resistant to static electricity. Nonallergenic wool is also an option for people who are sensitive to the material.

Carpet Performance Rating

Some manufacturers and retailers put a carpet performance rating on the carpet’s label. Based on a scale of one to five, it denotes how well the carpet can withstand extended wear. The higher the rating, the more durable the carpet should be. A performance rating of four or higher is exceptional and is recommended for carpet used in heavy-traffic areas, like living rooms. A rating of two to four suggests average durability. A carpet with a rating below two is only appropriate for areas like bedrooms, where traffic will be the lightest.